Costa Rica Nicoya Peninsula

The Travel Guide to the Peninsula de Nicoya, Costa Rica, with detailed Maps, Hotels and Tourist Information


Animals of the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica


Capuchin Monkey

Four different species of monkeys are found in Costa Rica:

The White-throated Capuchin Monkeys live in groups of 5 to 24. They are extremely curious, agile and aggressive, defending their territory by threatening with their sharp teeth and shaking on trees. Apart from fruits and leaves they eat also lizards, birds and their eggs.

Howler Monkey

Capuchin monkeys are firmly convinced that they are the one and only owners of all bananas in the world. Should you deny them THEIR bananas they can become a bit upset.

The sounds of Howler Monkeys sound terrifying for a first-time visitor in Costa Rica but these animals are 100 percent peaceful vegetarians. Take care however to not to stand beneath a howler monkey family as they use an effective strategy to keep people away who bother them: they pee - with the most innocent face imaginable.
Howler monkeys rarely set their feet on the ground, they only travel trough the canopy.

Construction development with clearing of forests has cut off many of the monkey's travel routes so that in the last 15 years Costa Rica's howler monkey population has declined by 50%.

While deforestation is the main reason for the decrease of monkey populations in Costa Rica, many monkeys also end up being electrocuted on uninsulated power lines where their usual travel routes through the canopy have been cut. To prevent at least the electrocutions you might sign the Petition to prevent Monkey Electrocution in Costa Rica
To report hazards or animals killed by uninsulated power lines call Minae in Cobano: 2642 1108 or in San Jose 2233 4533 and 2257 0922

Spider Monkey

Spider Monkeys are the most intelligent monkey species in Costa Rica. With their long, slender arms and prehensile tail the animals move gracefully through the canopy in search for fruits, seeds and leaves.

Spider monkeys are severely endangered in Costa Rica due to habitat loss and poaching: in order to get the baby monkeys, the adults are killed by the poachers.
On the Nicoya Peninsula spider monkeys are almost extinct but in the Curu Wildlife Reserve a re-introduction program seems to be successful.

The fourth one of Costa Rica's monkey species, the squirrel monkey, is not found on the Nicoya Peninsula.