The Travel Guide to the Peninsula de Nicoya, Costa Rica, with detailed Maps, Hotels and Tourist Information

Animals in Costa Rica, Nicoya Peninsula

Anteater in a Palm Tree

The banded or lesser Anteater feeds on ants and termites but he is selective, eating relatively few ants of any given colony and avoiding those with painful stings or bites. He has a long head and a tubular mouth without teeth but a long, sticky tongue to lick up the insects.
The front claws, used to tear open termite nests, are so long that they are tucked under, and the animal walks on its knuckles. To defend itself, the anteater stands on its hind feet and uses its strong front claws as weapons.
Anteaters live solitary and each individual needs a territory of around 185 acres.


The nine-banded Armadillo looks rather primitive and indeed is a very unique mammal. Armadillo mothers give birth to 5 - 10 babies who are all genetically identical as they arise from one single egg. A female is also able to store an already fertilized egg for up to 3 years if her living conditions aren't favorable for a pregnancy.

The nearly blind animals have a keen sense of smell which helps them to find food like ants, beetles, and larvae underneath forest litter and in the soil. On their nocturnal tour they mustn't avoid to make noise - they are well protected against predators by bony plates covering their body.

White-tailed Deer
White-tailed Deer

The White-tailed Deer is the same species as found in North America, but it is much smaller. They are no rainforest animals, instead they prefer the open dry forest land. Male deer develop antlers which they change each year.

In the 1940s these animals were almost extinct in Costa Rica when they were hunted for making leather goods and dog food.